Modeling and Design of Logistics Systems

Illustration: 123rf/tele52

Learning Outcomes

After the successful completion of this course, the students will

  • have acquired an overview of components, designs, and operating modes of intralogistic and interplant logistics systems,
  • be familiar with the basic modeling, analysis, and planning approaches of mathematical programming, discrete event simulation, and queueing theory,
  • be able to apply these to facility location and layout planning problems as well as to the design of production and material flow systems, and
  • be prepared to design real-world systems in inbound, manufacturing, and outbound logistics, following the model-based design approach.


Chapter 1: Logistics systems and model-based design
1.1 Elements of logistics management
1.2 Intralogistic systems
1.3 Intraplant logistics systems
1.4 Model-based design of logistics systems

Chapter 2: Facility location and layout planning
2.1 Facility location in the plane
2.2 Facility location in distribution networks
2.3 Hub-location problems
2.4 Layout planning

Chapter 3: Design of production systems
3.1 Design for job-shop manufacturing
3.2 Design for line manufacturing
3.3 Design for cellular manufacturing

Chapter 4: Design of material flow systems
4.1 Design of conveying systems
4.2 Warehouse design


  • Arnold D, Furmans K (2009) Materialfluss in Logistiksystemen. Springer, Berlin
  • Arnold D, Isermann H, Kuhn A, Tempelmeier H (2008) Handbuch Logistik. Springer, Berlin
  • Askin RG, Standridge, CR (1993) Modeling and Analysis of Manufacturing Systems. John Wiley, New York
  • Domschke W, Drexl A (1996) Logistik: Standorte. Oldenbourg, München
  • Großeschallau W (1984) Materialflußrechnung: Modelle und Verfahren zur Analyse und Berechnung von Materialflußsystemen. Springer, Berlin
  • Küpper H-U, Helber S (2004) Ablauforganisation in Produktion und Logistik. Schäffer-Poeschel, Stuttgart
  • Pfohl H-C (2009) Logistik-Systeme: Betriebswirtschaftliche Grundlagen. Springer, Berlin
  • ten Hompel M, Schmidt Th, Nagel L (2007): Materialflusssysteme: Förder- und Lagertechnik. Springer, Berlin

GAMS Models

The following table compiles models and sample data for different planning problems and solution methods that are dealt with during the course. The model and example files contain source code written in the algebraic modeling language GAMS, which can be executed using the GAMS system. The GAMS system includes a greater number of state-of-the-art solvers for several types of mathematical programs, providing optimal or locally optimal solutions.

By modifying the example files, new instances can easily be generated for scenario analyses or when preparing the final course exam. A free demo version of the current GAMS system can be downloaded and installed from the web pages of GAMS Development Corp. You need a demo license for the installation, which can be requested using the form provided on the download web page. By return you will receive an email with the license, which must be added to the system during the installation process following the description in the email. The GAMS models can be edited and solved using a simple text editor called GAMS IDE or the with development environment GAMS Studio. In both environments, the comprehensive documentation of the entire GAMS system is available under the "Help" tab.

Planning problem GAMS model Example
Single-facility location planning under Manhattan distance location-manhattan-1_model.gms location-1_data.gms
Multiple-facilities location planning under Manhattan distance location-manhattan-m_model.gms location-m_data.gms
Single-facility location planning under Euclidean distance location-euclidean-1_model.gms location-1_data.gms
Multiple-facilities location planning under Euclidean distance location-euclidean-m_model.gms location-m_data.gms
Location-allocation problem location-allocation_model.gms location-allocation_data.gms
Single-stage warehouse location problem wlp-1_model.gms wlp-1_data.gms
Multi-stage warehouse location problem wlp-m_model.gms wlp-m_data.gms
Multiple-allocation hub-location-problem hub-location-m_model.gms hub-location_data.gms
Single-allocation hub-location-problem hub-location-1_model.gms hub-location_data.gms
Quadratic assignment problem qap_model.gms qap_data.gms
Buffer allocation buffer-allocation_model.gms buffer-allocation_data.gms*
Graph partinioning graph-partition_model.gms graph-partition_data.gms
Limiting throughput of continuous conveyor systems cont-conveyor_model.gms cont-conveyor_data.gms
Configuration of discontinuous conveyor systems disc-conveyor_model.gms disc-conveyor_data.gms
Layout planning of shelf storages racking-layout_model.gms racking-layout_data.gms
Assignment of storage locations under fixed-bin storage dedicated-storage_model.gms dedicated-storage_data.gms*
Capacity allocation and assignment of storage locations under class-based storage class-based-storage_model.gms class-based-storage_data.gms

* Solving the example instance requires a commercial GAMS license


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